Cyber-attacks are becoming increasingly sophisticated. Vulnerabilities of digital systems, underpinning each segment of our society, are being exploited by individuals, criminals, terrorists, and political groups, as well as states. Consequences – economical, political, and even humanitarian – can be significant. Prevention and responses requires cross-sectoral cooperation. Organisations, companies, countries, and international organisations need capacity for timely and effective cyber-incident responses.
Recommended Activities: Improving capacities for technical, legal, and diplomatic mechanisms to address requests for cross-border cooperation and dialogue in case of attacks; building monitoring, response, and mitigation capacities based on communication and cooperation between national and international entities and stakeholders; organising national, regional, and international exercises, simulations, drills, and table-top exercises with a multistakeholder nature, to develop, test and exercise emergency response plans and procedures.